The continuous efforts on research on Parkinson’s disease are finally showing considerable hope for Parkinson’s patients. Parkinson patients to live longer with deep brain stimulation treatment.
Researchers found that patients receiving stimulation through this method have fair advantageous prospects when compared with the patients who have been under medication treatments only.
This blog entails the whys and wherefores of the treatment to shed light on brain stimulation and its positive impact on Parkinson’s patients.
What is deep brain stimulation therapy?
In the Deep Brain Stimulation theory, medical Electrodes are inserted in the brain through surgery. They are directed to specific areas in the brain. With the help of impulse generator battery (Pacemakers typically have this), experts.
The deep brain stimulation research and its findings:
As the earlier studies on Deep Brain Stimulation by medical experts have manifested that it could increase the chances of improvements in the motor function of Parkinson’s patients. The implanted battery generates electrical impulses that the electrodes take to the tissues present in the brain.
In research conducted, researchers experimented with their study on two groups.
What are the benefits of DBS (Deep Brain Stimulation)?
The study claims to have an immediate effect on Parkinson’s disease patient and hence DBS is favored by most veterans and physicians. The involuntary muscle movements are said to be reduced to a great extent with this treatment, some of which are even cured The DBS treatment allows patients to move around and perform daily physical activities which they were able to do earlier.
How does it help patients in improving their health?
There are no strong cases of DBS completely improving the function if a comparison made between patients with DBS and non-DBS treatments. For life expectancy, here too, studies are yet to obtain reliable evidence to view the influence on life expectancy.
To understand the impact of DBS on the life expectancy, researchers examined data of 611 veterans with Parkinson’s disease who had a DPS device implanted.
The data was taken from the stats of 2007 and 2013. It was found that among Parkinson’s patients, the ones treated with DBS implantation survived for around six years after the surgery.
On the other hand, patients who were not attended with a DBS implantation lived for around 5.4 years.
The comparison between a DBS-treated patient and non-DBS-treated patient was made with eery factor taken into consideration, including age, symptom severity, the surgery date, and so on. Based on the which, researchers had drawn the difference of 8 months between the two categories.
Sixty-nine was the average age considered for veterans studied since they reflected a higher prevalence of Parkinson’s among rest. An argument that most deaths for this age group could be associated with age-related health conditions.
However, the researcher claimed that most of the studied patients died of Parkinson’s disease than any other cause.
Though life expectancy was one bar for studying the improvements in the DBS group, researchers also stated that quality of life among this group had become better.
As the treatment helps control symptoms such as tremors and rigidity, such factors are said to influence the quality of life.
The findings indeed indicate that deep stimulation can potentially improve the survival rates for patients; researchers also put forward a few limitations to the study.
The medication-only group may have a less healthy life than the patients with planted DBS. Notwithstanding, the research conducted was mostly on male patients since Parkinson’s disease is a health concern predominantly found in men.
The study may not necessarily apply to women with Parkinson’s disease. Also, the DBS group was studied carefully, and therefore, the other chronic conditions risks and threats were treated at an early stage.
Parkinson’s disease falls under the category of neurodegenerative disorder. It is associated with the neurons in the brain producing dopamine.
There’s no specific treatment available for Parkinson’s disease that can cure it entirely as even the root cause of health concern is also unknown.
Parkinson’s disease may not cause death directly. Notwithstanding, severe complications of the illness can lead to fatal results. Slow movements, rigidity, trembling issues, imbalance body, etc. are the few symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
Additionally, patients diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease are said to have a shorter life expectancy among the rest.
The medications which are used for treating Parkinson’s disease only control the symptoms to a certain extent. It does not prevent the fatal risks that it may have. Patients are typically found having a DBS surgery only when the medication fails to bring any health improvement in them.
The studies conducted may have shown a slight improvement in extending the life expectancy in the patients; that being said, research fails to understand what exactly improves life expectancy.
There’s an argument in the researchers if the surgery controls the symptoms or modifies the related conditions that affect the life expectancy.
With the ongoing monitoring and studies for Parkinson’s disease treatments underway, there’s a hope that surgical procedures like Deep Brain Stimulation can bring about survival hope in the patients.
It shall lead to more medical attention being given to the patients, leading to better care.