Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is a major cause of all haemorrhagic stroke patients. Spontaneous ICH comprises of 13-35 per 100000 populations. Morbidity and mortality following ICH remain the highest among all forms of cerebral stroke. Traditional medical and surgical approaches, which were mainly developed from clinical experience, can result in only limited neurological improvement in ICH patients.
In recent years, stereotactic aspiration and subsequent fibrinolysis has been developed and accepted as a minimally invasive and more effective treatment modality for spontaneous ICH owing to the limited damage to overlying normal brain tissues, compared with conventional surgical removal of ICH. Excellent medical care has a potent, direct impact on ICH morbidity and mortality, even before a specific therapy is found.