Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson’s Disease

This most common form of movement disorder affects 1 in 100 people. Medical science will ensure that you are not handicapped or disabled by it, read more…..

Best Hospital for Parkinson’s Disease in Mumbai

Welcome to Jaslok Hospital, the epitome of excellence in healthcare, where we envision a world where Parkinson’s Disease is no longer a barrier to living life to the fullest. Our mission is to provide hope, healing, and a brighter future to all those affected by this condition. With our unparalleled expertise, cutting-edge technology, and compassionate care, we are dedicated to guiding you through every step of your journey toward hope, healing, and a better quality of life.

Overview of Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson’s Disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. 

Nerve cells in the substantia nigra produce the neurotransmitter dopamine and control body movement. When dopamine-producing neurons die, motor symptoms such as tremors, slowness, stiffness, and balance problems occur.

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Parkinson’s disease typically occurs in people over the age of 60, of whom about one percent are affected. Males are more often affected than females at a ratio of around 3:2  When it is seen in people before the age of 40, it is called young-onset PD.

The disease is named after a British physician, James Parkinson, who described it in “An Essay on the Shaking Palsy” in 1817. In Parkinson’s disease, nerve cells, also called neurons, in a region of the brain called the substantia nigra begin to malfunction or die, a process called neurodegeneration.


What is Parkinson’s Disease?

Parkinson’s Disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement and is characterized by tremors, muscle stiffness, slow movements, and impaired balance. It occurs when nerve cells, or neurons, in a region of the brain known as the substantia nigra begin to die. These neurons create dopamine, a neurotransmitter that is essential for smooth, coordinated movement. 


Role of Dopamine in Parkinson’s Disease

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, one of those chemicals that is responsible for transmitting signals between the nerve cells (neurons) of the brain. Very few neurons actually make dopamine. Some, in a part of the brain called the substantia nigra, are the cells that die during Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson's disease (1)-min



As Parkinson’s disease progresses and the brain has less and less dopamine, the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease become more apparent, and the patient develops tremors, severe movement issues, difficulty walking.


Discover the best exercises for reducing rigidity in Parkinson’s patients. Explore our blog post: Best Exercise for Reducing Rigidity for Parkinson’s People

Tests and Diagnosis for Parkinson's

Timely and accurate diagnosis are essential for effective management of Parkinson’s Disease. Even today, the diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease is based on neurological examination. According to one survey, the correct diagnosis is missed in almost 40% of the cases by routine neurologists and in 20% of cases by specialist neurologists. Our experience of more than 25 years in this field, makes us one of the best options for diagnosing this disease with high level of confidence and accuracy.  Our state-of-the-art diagnostic facilities also enable us to perform a comprehensive evaluation. The following is a broad outline of various stages of diagnosis.


  • Clinical History and Physical Examination

The doctor reviews the patient’s medical history and performs a thorough physical examination, focusing on symptoms, their progression, and any family history of neurological disorders.


  • Observation of Symptoms 

Specific motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, such as tremors, slowness of movement, rigidity, and postural instability, are observed during the examination.


  • Response to Medication

A trial of Parkinson’s medication, like levodopa, may be prescribed to observe if symptoms improve, supporting the suspicion of Parkinson’s disease if there is a positive response.


  • Neurological Examination

A detailed neurological assessment includes testing reflexes, muscle strength, coordination, and sensory function.


  • DaTscan

This nuclear medicine imaging technique assesses the dopamine system in the brain, helping differentiate Parkinson’s disease from other movement disorders.


  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

While not mandatory, an MRI scan may be recommended to rule out other possible causes and symptoms, such as tumors or strokes.


  • Blood Tests

Blood tests may be conducted to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms to Parkinson’s disease.


  • PET (Positron Emission Tomography) Scan

PET scans can measure brain activity and identify changes associated with Parkinson’s disease, providing valuable information in certain cases.



Movement Disorder Society-Sponsored Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale is a standardized assessment tool evaluates the severity of Parkinson’s symptoms and tracks their progression.


  • Genetic Testing

In some cases, genetic testing may be performed, especially with a family history of early-onset Parkinson’s disease or atypical symptom onset.



Dopamine Transporter Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, Similar to DaTscan, this imaging technique assesses the dopamine system in the brain and aids in Parkinson’s disease diagnosis.


  • Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap)

Rarely, a lumbar puncture may be performed to analyze cerebrospinal fluid for specific biomarkers associated with Parkinson’s disease.


Improve balance and mobility with effective exercises for people with Parkinson’s disease. Explore our blog post: Balance Exercises for People with Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson's Disease Treatment in Mumbai

At Jaslok Hospital, we take immense pride in offering cutting-edge treatment options to our patients, constantly pushing the boundaries of medical advancements. Some of the primary treatments we provide include:


Emerging Treatment Approaches for Parkinson’s Disease in Mumbai

Medical science is ever-evolving, and we are at the forefront of incorporating innovative treatment approaches. From gene therapy to stem cell research, we explore emerging avenues to alleviate the burden of Parkinson’s Disease and improve the lives of those affected.


Enhance vocal strength and control with our recommended voice exercises for Parkinson’s disease. Explore our blog post: Voice Exercises for Parkinson’s Disease


Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s Disease

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a revolutionary technique that involves implanting electrodes into specific brain regions to modulate abnormal neural activity. This procedure can significantly reduce tremors, stiffness, and other motor symptoms, enhancing the overall quality of life for patients.


Parkinson’s Surgery in Mumbai

Our skilled neurosurgeons perform specialized surgical interventions for Parkinson’s Disease, such as pallidotomy and thalamotomy. These procedures aim to target and alleviate specific symptoms by lesioning targeted brain areas safely and precisely.

Patient Support and Follow-up Care

At Jaslok Hospital, we believe in holistic healing, which extends beyond medical interventions. Our comprehensive patient support programs provide emotional and psychological support to both patients and their families. We believe that a strong support system is vital for the well-being and resilience of our patients.

Why Jaslok Hospital for Parkinson's Disease Treatment?

When it comes to Parkinson’s Disease treatment in Mumbai, Jaslok Hospital stands apart for numerous reasons:

  • Best Parkinson’s Disease Doctors in Mumbai

At Jaslok Hospital, our team of Parkinson’s Disease specialists brings unparalleled expertise and experience to the table. Their dedication to patient care and cutting-edge research ensures that you receive world-class treatment.


  • Cutting-edge Technology

We invest in the latest medical technology, enabling precise diagnoses and effective treatments.


  • Personalized Approach

Each patient is unique, and we create tailor-made treatment plans that suit individual needs.


  • Comprehensive Services

From diagnosis to post-treatment care, we cover every aspect of Parkinson’s Disease management.


  • Patient-Centric Care

Our focus is not just on curing the disease but also on improving the overall well-being of our patients.

Leading Parkinsonism Treatment Hospital in Mumbai

Parkinsonism refers to a group of neurological conditions with symptoms similar to Parkinson’s Disease. Our hospital’s comprehensive approach to Parkinsonism has earned us the reputation of being the leading treatment center in Mumbai.